What are Indian Henna Designs with their Meanings ?

2022 updated

by Sreeparna Ganguly

What are Indian Henna Designs with their Meanings? Henna or Mehendi is a semi-permanent creative design drawn on the skin. The leaves of the Henna plant have natural red-brown pigment. This pigment has a lovely color that stays up to 3-4 weeks depending on the skin it is being applied to.

The use of dried henna leaf powder for creating designs on the skin is an age-old tradition of many Asian and African countries. In many religions, there is a custom of henna ceremonies before marriage as bridal beautification. Every region has left its own mark in the henna designs. For example, geometric patterns are a must in African henna designs; Arabic henna designs remain incomplete without abstract leafy designs.  Stylization and creative dimension have opened thousands of design options for henna. Indian henna designs are quite unique as it includes glimpses of Indian culture with intricate artistry. Indian henna designs also come with deep inner meanings may it be spiritual or artistic. Here are some popular Indian Mehendi designs with their meanings.

  1. Mandala Design or Circular Design

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This is perhaps the most popular design in both simple and gorgeously decorated henna styles. Here the whole decoration is based on a central circle preferably on the main focal point of the design. The main circle is called Mandala in Hindu and Buddhist traditions. A mandala is a pictorial representation of our universe. It signifies the wholeness and ominous nature of life.

  1. Floral Patterns

Floral Patterns

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Floral patterns, especially abstract flower designs are evergreen in henna designs. Both traditional and contemporary styles use these designs. Flowers are the joyousness of our nature and that’s why floral designs represent happiness and prosperity. For this reason, floral designs are one of the most preferred bridal designs in traditional Indian culture.

  1. Leafy Designs and Creepers

Leafy Designs and Creepers

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There is no more intricate and lively design in henna than a decorative vine or creeper. Leaves are a symbol of liveliness and vital force. Vines full of leaves signify prosperous life. Creepers, in real life, can be tenacious and show much more perseverance than full-blown big trees. This design is a symbolic representation of tenacity, perseverance, and liveliness.

  1. Peacock Design

Peacock Design

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Peacock and peacock feather design looks lovely on everyone and it is also a popular design style among bridal henna stylists. Peacock is India’s national bird. This graceful bird is a living symbol of the beauty and creativity of our mother nature. This bird in the henna design also symbolizes feminine grace.

  1. Lotus Henna Design

Lotus Henna Design

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Lotus is the symbol of purity. This flower grows in the muckiest mud and rises itself higher with divine grace. Lotus designs in henna represent love, prosperity, and harmony between hearts. It also signifies the sensual feminine nature, beauty, and grace.

  1. Bird Motif Henna

Bird Motif Henna

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In many ancient cultures, birds were considered as the connective link between heaven and earth. Also, birds are named as the bearers of happiness in our lives. The bird design in the henna design signifies freedom and the free flow of the soul.

  1. Dulha-Dulhan or Radha-Krishna Henna Design

Dulha-Dulhan or Radha-Krishna Henna Design

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Among the figure motif henna designs, dulha-dulhan or bridal couple design looks gorgeous and has some attractive outlooks to it. This design represents the eternal promise of togetherness between the groom and the bride. The same symbolic representation stays true for Radha and Lord Krishna motif henna designs. Radha and Krishna are two inseparable symbols of love in our Indian traditions.

  1. Kalash Design

Kalash Design

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This is a popular Marwari mehndi design that depicts Kalash or a narrow neck spherical-shaped container. In Hindu cultures, Kalash is analogous to life, and overflowing Kalash represents prosperity and happiness. This design symbolizes the wish for eternal prosperity.

  1. Decorative Heart

What are Indian Henna Designs with their Meanings

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Heart henna is a contemporary style in which the heart-shaped motif is decorated with filler patterns of choice. The heart symbolizes purity and faith. These two qualities are essential for a successful relationship and that’s why this henna design is often used in bridal Mehendi ceremonies.

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